Nez Perce National Historical Park


For thousands of years the valleys, prairies, mountains, and plateaus of the inland northwest have been home to the Nimiipuu or Nez Perce people. Explore these places. Learn their stories. Treat them with care. The 38 sites of Nez Perce National Historical Park are scattered across the states of Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Montana and have been designated to commemorate the stories and history of the Nimiipuu and their interaction with explorers, fur traders, missionaries, soldiers, settlers, gold miners, and farmers who moved through or into the area.

Nez Perce National Historical Park offers a unique National Park experience. With thirty-eight sites in four states, the park encompasses sites that stretch across the traditional homeland of the Nimiipuu. There are activities at the parks visitor centers at Spalding, Big Hole National Battlefield, and Bear Paw Battlefield. There are also many other activities throughout the region.




Given the distances between certain sites, an automobile provides the greatest flexibility in visiting Nez Perce National Historical Park. Nearly all of the sites are located on or near state highways and are identified by prominient signs. Trip planning information is available on this web site.

Spalding Visitor Center, Nez Perce National Historical Park: The Spalding Visitor Center is 11 miles east of Lewiston of U.S. Hwy 95.

Big Hole National Battlefield is located ten miles west of Wisdom, Montana on state highway 43.

Bear Paw Battlefield is located sixteen miles south of Chinook, Montana on Route 240.


There are many communities in the region that have airports, large and small, that provide acess to park sites.

Public Transport: 

There is no direct rail service to any of the park's sites. The closest Amtrak rail station is in Spokane, Washington. The Empire Builder does stop in Havre, Montana, which is driving distance to Bear Paw Battlefield. There is no public transportation available, however, to the site.