Fort Necessity National Battlefield


This opening battle of the French and Indian War began a seven year struggle between Great Britain and France for control of North America. The battle at Fort Necessity in the summer of 1754 was the beginning action of the French and Indian War. This war was a clash of British, French and American Indian cultures. It ended with the removal of French power from North America. Great Britain's success in this war helped pave the way for the American Revolution and the stage was set for the American Revolution. Colonial troops commanded by 22 year old Colonel George Washington were defeated in this small stockade at the "Great Meadow". Fort Necessity National Battlefield is located in the mountains of southwestern Pennsylvania, about 11 miles east of Uniontown. The park comprises approximately 900 acres in three separate sites. The main unit contains the visitor center, the battlefield with the reconstructed Fort Necessity, and the Mount Washington Tavern. The Braddock Grave unit is approximately 1.5 miles west of the main unit and the Jumonville Glen unit is approximately seven miles northwest of the main unit.




The main unit of the park is located 11 miles east of Uniontown, Pennsylvania on U.S. Highway 40. The visitor center, reconstructed Fort Necessity, Mount Washington Tavern and picnic area are located in the main unit of the park. From downtown Pittsburgh, take US 51 South to Uniontown to US 119 South - (bypass). Follow US 40 East and the park entrance is on right 11 miles east of Uniontown.


The Fort Necessity National Battlefield is located less than 2 hours from Greater Pittsburgh International Airport. Commuter flights may be available to Morgantown, West Virginia (45 minutes away) or Connellsville, Pennsylvania(25 minutes away).

Public Transport: 

Regularly Scheduled busses run from Uniontown and Nemacolin Woodlands past Fort Necessity. Call Fayette Area Coordinated Transport (FACT) 724-430-4600 for schedule information.