About 1.25 million people die each year as a result of road traffic crashes, according to the World Health Organization’s (WHO) 2015 Global status report on road safety. That number has not changed even though improvements in road conditions have been observed.
Low- and middle-income countries have only half of the world's vehicles, but they have 90 percent of the world's road traffic deaths, the highest fatality rates being in poor countries. Three out of four victims are men.
The chances of dying in a road traffic crash depend on where you live, the WHO says. In the Americas, it’s almost 16 percent, 9.3 percent in Europe, about 20 percent in the Middle East, 17 percent in South East Asia, and more than 26 percent in Africa.
About half of the people who die as a result of a car accident are actually pedestrians (22 percent), cyclists (4 percent), and people riding motorcycles (23 percent.)
The following list is based on data by WHO and by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, which did its own study last year, both of which calculate the rate of traffic fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants.