Starvation is an extreme form of malnutrition. It’s one of the worst stresses you can put on your body. Its only energy source is the food you eat, and if you deprive it of that, it won’t be able to repair itself, grow and fight off disease. It’s so bad and yet so common among people who are looking to lose weight.
“Almost everyone is like that unless they have seen a nutritionist,” Personal Trainer and a Nutritionist Elizabeth Borge says. “People want a quick fix. Instead of monitoring what they eat, they just stop [eating].” Such a drastic change in a diet starts a vicious cycle of damage to the body.
Losing one pound a week is reasonable, Borge says. However, she adds, the optimal rate is half a pound a week. This will lead to losing about two pounds a month. “The clients, who lose weight the slowest, even though they complain all the time, actually keep it off.”
Decreasing one’s diet by about 250 calories per day is OK. That is one café latte fewer a day. “This is no big deal. The body won’t starve,” Borge says. But it all depends on how much a person is currently eating. If you consume a lot, you may be able to afford to cut 500 calories a day.
The diet supplies the body with nutrients needed for a healthy immune system, such as vitamins C and D. Crash diets miss entire food groups depriving the body of important nutrients. Therefore, a person may not get the right amounts of vitamins and minerals to support a healthy immune system.