The thyroid is a small butterfly- shaped gland located on the front of the neck just below the Adam’s apple. It plays a huge role in our body, influencing the function of many of our most important organs. The thyroid releases hormones that have a major impact on our metabolism, among other processes.
The two main types of thyroid issues include hypothyroidism, which is an underactive thyroid, and hyperthyroidism, which is an overactive thyroid. Some signs that you have hypothyroidism include dry skin, muscle cramps, and constipation. Signs of hyperthyroidism include weight loss, anxiety, and elevated heart rate. But both share a common symptom – fatigue.
About 20 million Americans are affected by a thyroid disease, according to the American Thyroid Association, and women are three times more likely than men to develop hypothyroidism, according to research.
One of the most common signs of thyroid problems is changes in body temperature. “An under active thyroid could result in always feeling cold or having chills due to less energy being burned by cells,” Michelle Roots, owner and personal trainer at CORE Conditioning, says. “Whereas, an overactive thyroid puts energy producing cells into overdrive resulting in feeling too warm or sweating profusely.”
If you are experiencing any of the signs and symptoms listed, you should see your doctor and undergo a few tests to make sure that your thyroid gland is working properly.