Many common medications have the ability to cause some individuals sensitivity to the sun and heat. Sunburn and dizziness are among the most common side effects.
MedicineNet.com explains that phototoxic and photoallergic reactions may happen. Phototoxic reactions may occur within hours of exposure to the sun. The drug may become activated by the sunlight and cause damage to the skin. Photoallergic reactions may happen after a few days of sun exposure. This occurs due to ultraviolet exposure, it changes the structure of the drug so that the body’s immune system sees it as an invader. This ultimately causes inflammation of the skin in the sun-exposed areas.
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There are prescription drugs for individuals suffering from acne, allergies, depression, arthritis or hypertension. But it’s important to know, in most cases, there are other options available to choose from.
Before taking your medication, it’s important to check with your doctor. Ask him or her what the side effects are and if it’s the safest option for you individually, because not all individuals have the same reactions to medications. What one person may find to be safe, another may find is putting them at risk.
Medications That Make You Sensitive to the Sun and Heat
Tretinoin is a medication used to treat acne. It is applied directly to the skin, usually once daily. It is said to cause sun sensitivity. According to Drugs.com, “In some animal studies, tretinoin has been shown to cause skin tumors to develop faster when the treated area is exposed to ultraviolet light (sunlight or artificial sunlight from a sunlamp).” Other side effects that may occur include peeling, redness and dryness of the skin.
[Related: Home Remedies for Allergies] Promethazine is a drug that is used to treat allergy symptoms – sneezing, itching, running nose. It is advised to avoid exposure to the sunlight while taking this medication. It can cause you to sunburn more easily. Diphenhydramine is another medication used to treat allergies, as well as motion sickness and certain symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, according to Drugs.com. It is advised to stay out of the heat, as this medication may cause dizziness or drowsiness.
[Related: 7 Natural Remedies for Stress and Anxiety] Amitriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant; it is advised to avoid exposure to the sunlight because it can make you sunburn more easily. Doxepin is another medication used to treat anxiety and depression, it is said to cause heat and sun sensitivity.
Naproxen is a drug that helps reduce inflammation and pain in the body; it is commonly prescribed as a medication for arthritis. Piroxicam is another drug used to reduce substances in the body that cause pain and inflammation, Drugs.com says. Individuals who take these medications should avoid the sun due to sun sensitivity warnings. They should also avoid drinking alcohol and taking asprin.
Timolol is commonly used to treat hypertension. Drugs.com says, it can cause side effects that impair your thinking or reactions. Therefore, it is advised to stay out of the heat, because the heat can make you tired and this drug may impair your ability to be awake and alert. Other side effects that may occur include fainting, uneven heartbeats, nausea, anxiety and insomnia.