When the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body has trouble making good use of the insulin it produces, diabetes may develop, according to the International Diabetes Federation.
The International Diabetes Federation explains there are three main types of diabetes – Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is “usually caused by an auto-immune reaction where the body’s defense system attacks the cells that produce insulin.” Type 2 diabetes is “characterized by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency, either or both of which may be present at the time diabetes is diagnosed.” Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a form of diabetes that consists of high blood-glucose levels during pregnancy.
“The thing is that being insulin dependent is kind of like doing math all day while walking on a tight rope between two high buildings,” said Jeff Dachis, founder and CEO of One Drop, of being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. “Too little insulin, and I die slowly over time due to the complications of diabetes. Too much insulin and I can drop into a coma and die instantly. So, you have to get it right.”
Early detection and treatment can reduce the chances of developing further complications of diabetes. There are also diet changes you may make to reduce your risk for diabetes, some of which include avoiding processed and packaged foods, eating more protein, cutting down on sodium, and eating more healthy fats.