This syndrome is triggered by visiting Jerusalem. According to Jewish Virtual Library, “Those with the Jerusalem Syndrome are literally intoxicated by the Holy City - they revel in the special atmosphere of the Wall past midnight; they delight in the mystical aura they perceive there at night; their psyches are inflamed by the historical holiness in which they feel enveloped.” In other words, religious tourists are going to Jerusalem and leaving believing they are the messiah.
Foreign Accent Syndrome is a speech disorder. This disorder usually results from a stroke. But, in less frequent cases, you can get this disorder from a head trauma, developmental problems or migraines. This disorder may begin with mispronounced syllables, but eventually the pronunciation of speech is dramatically changed.
Geographic tongue, although a bit strange, it is a harmless condition. According to the Mayo Clinic, “The tongue is normally covered with tiny, pinkish-white bumps (papillae), which are actually short, fine, hair-like projections. With geographic tongue, patches on the surface of the tongue are missing papillae and appear as smooth, red "islands," often with slightly raised borders. These patches (lesions) give the tongue a map-like, or geographic, appearance.”
Myotonia Congenita is a disorder that can start as early as childhood. According to MDA, “Myotonia congenita is an inherited myopathy, a disease that causes problems with the tone and contraction of skeletal muscles. It doesn’t cause muscle atrophy (shrinkage); instead, it sometimes can cause muscle enlargement and increased muscle strength.” Some signs and symptoms include, muscle weakness, trouble breathing and heart difficulties.
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Also known as “cold hives.” Cold Urticaria is an allergic reaction to cold temperature. Swimming in cold water is the most common cause of cold urticaria throughout the body. According to Mayo Clinic, “Cold urticaria occurs most frequently in young adults. And it generally clears up within a few years. If you think you have this condition, consult your doctor. Treatment for cold urticaria usually includes taking antihistamines and avoiding cold air and water.”
Acanthamoeba Keratitis is a very rare disease. It occurs when amoebae enters the corner of your eye; due to your contact lenses. This could potentially cause you to go blind. According to AllAboutVision.com, this disease starts because of “improper lens handing and poor hygiene.” It is important to follow the lens care instructions that you receive from your eye doctor. AllAboutVision.com also states, “Prevention is always the best approach, because Acanthamoeba keratitis can be extremely difficult to treat; in fact, sometimes these infections require a corneal transplant, which is a serious surgical procedure.” So, take care of yourself and make sure you are following the instructions from your eye doctor.
Hyperthymesia is a phenomenon in where people remember everything. According to Hyperthymesia.org, “Superior Autobiographical Memory makes it possible for individuals to use their minds like databases, remembering unusual details such as the clothes they wore, whom they may have met that day, and what they ate for lunch, even decades after the original event.” As of today, there are 12 people in the world known to have hyperthymesia.
Also known as the Human Werewolf Syndrome…People who are really hairy. According to livescience.com “Men with the syndrome have hair covering their faces and eyelids, while women grow thick patches on their bodies. In March, a Thai girl with the condition got into the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's hairiest child.”
Porphyria is oversensitivity to sunlight. When your skin encounters a reaction due to it being exposed to the sun. According to WebMD, the hands, forearms, face, ears and neck are the most affected areas. The symptoms of porphyria include, itching, pain, blisters and increased hair growth.