10 Health Risks of Obesity from 10 Health Risks of Obesity

10 Health Risks of Obesity

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10 Health Risks of Obesity

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Individuals who are obese or overweight have an increased risk of developing numerous health problems. They are in danger of developing type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers.

The good news is that even the smallest amount of weight loss can help reduce your health risks – be active and follow a heathy diet.

According to the American Heart Association, “people with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher are considered obese.” It’s important to measure your body mass index and waist circumference to tell if you are overweight.

Continue reading for the health risks of obesity.

High Blood Pressure

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Increased weight causes difficulty moving the blood around the body, therefore causing high blood pressure. Make sure to exercise as it helps lower and control your blood pressure. According to Mayo Clinic, “regular physical activity makes your heart stronger. A stronger heart can pump more blood with less effort. If your heart can work less to pump, the force on your arteries decreases, lowering your blood pressure.”

Type 2 Diabetes

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Obesity is the number one risk factor for type 2 diabetes. “Almost 90% of people living with type 2 diabetes are overweight or have obesity,” according to the Obesity Society. People who are overweight or obese have added pressure on their body’s ability to use insulin to properly control blood sugar levels.” Therefore, they are more likely to develop diabetes. *See: How Type 2 Diabetes Can Damage Your Body

Heart Disease and Stroke

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Obesity makes you more likely to have high cholesterol and high blood pressure, both of which increase your risk of heart disease and stroke. The good news is that, according to WebMD, losing 5 percent to 10 percent of your weight has proven to lower your chance of developing heart disease.

Osteoarthritis

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Individuals who are obese carry around extra pounds which put pressure on their knees, hips and back. It may affect their joints and wear away the cartilage that protects them, resulting in Osteoarthritis.

 

Sleep Apnea

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Sleep Apnea is a common risk factor for obesity. It is a sleep disorder that causes people to wake up throughout the night because they stop breathing. This ultimately causes the person to feel tired during the day. It can also cause high blood pressure, diabetes, depression and headaches.

Lower Back Pain

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Individuals who are obese have an increased risk of lower back pain. Your back is supporting more weight than it should, making it one of the reasons why it hurts. The spine is also affected. According to the Institute for Spine & Scoliosis, “one region of the spine that is most vulnerable to the effects of obesity is the low back—the lumbar spine.” When excess weight is carried, the spine is forced to assimilate the burden. This may lead to structural compromise and damage.

Gallbladder Disease

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Studies have shown that gallstones and gallbladder disease are more common if you are obese. The distribution of fat on the body contributes to the development of gallstones, and considering gallstones are made of cholesterol, high cholesterol adds to your risk for the disease as well.

Cancer

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Certain cancers such as colon, kidney, breast and esophagus are linked to obesity, according to WebMD. “Some studies have also reported links between obesity and cancers of the gallbladder, ovaries, and pancreas.”

Psychological Problems

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Obesity is just as much a psychological problem as it is a physical problem. According to research, “in many obese individuals there appears to be a perpetual cycle of mood disturbance, overeating, and weight gain.” For instance, if an obese individual is stressed, he or she may turn to food to cope. The ongoing struggle to lose weight can affect them as well. This may result in depression, anxiety and eating disorders.

Physical Mobility Issues

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Individuals who are obese or overweight are carrying around extra body fat. They may find that it’s difficult to be active – running out of energy quickly, shortness of breath when moving and joint and back pains, all affect their mobility.