Just as the Turco-Mongol Persianate conquerer Timur, also known as Tamerlane, was the forebear of his great-great-great-grandson Babur, founder of the Mughal Empire of South Asia, so was his mausoleum the precursor for the world-famous Mughal architecture that came after it, notably the top bucket list landmark that is the Taj Mahal. The Gur-e-Amir — Persian for “tomb of the king” — is the jewel of Samarkand, the capital of Timur’s empire and today the second largest city in Uzbekistan. The temple complex is home to not only his tomb, but also those of his sons and grandsons, as well as his teacher, and is characterized by a large light blue dome as well as intricate geometric patterns inside and out, largely featuring blue, light blue and white tiles.