coral.png

Shutterstock

Although coral reefs are found all around the world, those near the Raja Ampat Islands in Indonesia are heralded for having an unparalleled array of species, including a wide variety of coral, fish and mollusks. In 2001, Conservation International organized the first detailed survey of this area led by by coral reef fish expert Gerald Allen of the Western Australia Museum. Soon after his arrival, Allen broke his personal record for the number of fish seen in a one-hour dive twice, logging 281 and then 283 species. The organisms on coral reefs (included the coral themselves) use their bright colors for camouflage, as well as to entice mates, intimidate foes, evade predators, catch prey and more.