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The Ajanta Caves of Aurangabad district in the western Indian state of Maharashtra are a breathtaking example of ancient Indian art, featuring about 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments dating from the second century B.C. to approximately the year 480 A.D. These ancient monasteries and places of worship were cut directly into a 246-foot rock wall and intricately decorated with paintings and carvings that greatly influenced later religious artwork.