Hamilton Grange National Memorial

Overview

Hamilton Grange National Memorial preserves the home of founding father Alexander Hamilton. Re-opening to the public in September 2011 after a massive re-location project and five years of restoration, this national monument is open year-round Wednesdays through Sundays from 9 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Born and raised in the West Indies, Hamilton was orphaned in his early teens. Taken in as an apprentice to an international shipping company based on his home island, his talents were recognized by local benefactors who created a fund to provide him with a formal education. Hamilton came to New York in 1772 at age 17 to study at King's College (now Columbia University). During this period, he was exposed to American Patriots and became a supporter of their cause. As a student, he wrote defenses of the revolutionary cause and published in local newspapers. Soon there after, Hamilton was commissioned as a Captain of Artillery at the beginning of the Revolutionary War; and later his abilities were again recognized and he was invited to become an aide-de-camp to General George Washington.

After the war, as a member of Congress, Hamilton was instrumental in creating the new Constitution. As co-author of the Federalist Papers, he was indispensable in the effort to get the Constitution adopted. As the first Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), he devised plans for funding the national debt, securing federal credit, encouraging expansion of manufacturing, and organizing the federal bank. As an integral member of Washington's cabinet, he developed the concept of "implied powers," which allowed the federal government to do things in support of the Constitution, that were not specifically spelled out in it.

Hamilton commissioned architect John McComb, Jr. to design a Federal-style country home on a 32-acre estate in upper Manhattan. This house was completed in 1802 and named "The Grange" after his father's ancestral home in Scotland. Unfortunately, Hamilton was only able to enjoy his home for only two years. On July 11, 1804, Hamilton was fatally wounded in a duel with his personal and political rival Vice President Aaron Burr.

Map

Activities

Seasonality / Weather

The best time of year to visit is the fall and spring, when temperatures are mild. Winters can be extremely cold with high snow drifts. With its high humidity, summers in New York tend to be warm and muggy.

Directions

Driving: 

Hamilton Grange National Memorial is located in Manhattan on West 141st Street between St. Nicholas Avenue and Convent Avenue. There is no parking on this block of 141st Street. Very limited street parking is available in the adjacent neighborhood. There are several parking garages nearby.

From the North: Take I-87 (Major Deegan Expressway) to Exit 4, East 149th Street. Go West on 145th Street to Convent Ave. Go South four blocks on Convent Avenue. Turn East onto 141st Street and proceed to the intersection with Hamilton Terrace. Hamilton Grange NM will be on your right.

From the George Washington Bridge and Manhattan: Take Broadway to 141st Street. Go East on 141st Street passing Convent Avenue to the intersection of 141st and Hamilton Terrace. Hamilton Grange NM will be on your right.

Public Transport: 

Subway:
You may take the #1 train to the West 137th Street stop on Broadway. Go East to Convent Ave then North to 141st Street.
You may also take the A, B, C, or D train to the West 145th Street stop on St. Nicholas Avenue. Go West to Convent Avenue then South to 141st Street.

Bus:
From the East Village or Grand Central Station, take the M3 bus to St. Nicholas Avenue and 141st. You can also catch the M3 downtown from 193rd Street and St. Nicholas Avenue in Fort George to 141st Street.
From Broadway, take the M4 or M5 bus two blocks to the West.
From Amsterdam Ave, take the M100 or M101 bus one block to the West.
BX19 bus operates cross-town on 145th Street.
Limited service available on Convent Avenue by M18 bus.